British colonialist Cecil Rhodes's grave haunts Zimbabweans
Wednesday March 15 2023
It's a sacred hill where for centuries, Zimbabweans would go to consult their ancestors.
It's also where the notorious British coloniser Cecil John Rhodes chose to be his final resting place.
The white supremacist died more than 120 years ago in South Africa aged 48 after carving out swathes of territory for the British Empire.
Part of the land grab, later named Rhodesia in his honour, includes modern-day Zambia and Zimbabwe.
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Nestled in Zimbabwe’s Matobo National Park, his grave is simple, with "Here lie the remains of Cecil John Rhodes" engraved on it.
Part of the younger generation wants his remains removed to rid the country of the last vestiges of colonialism.
However, the grave attracts tourists who bring much-needed income for the surrounding villages and many local people oppose any exhumation.
Located atop a steep hill immersed in lush vegetation, a short climb is necessary to reach the grave, which is surrounded by imposing rocks rounded by erosion.
The stones are covered in light green aniseed and orange lichens that brighten at the slightest touch of the sun.
From the hilltop, visitors gaze at the vast expanse of trees around, where antelopes and warthogs roam.
Clouds roll across the tranquil horizon while birds chirp in the silence.
In neighbouring South Africa, students at the University of Cape Town launched a "Rhodes-Must-Fall" protest in 2015, initially to pull down Rhodes's statue at the campus.
It later morphed into a global campaign, which saw Oxford University resisting calls to remove a statue of the politician, placing an explanatory panel next to it instead.
Often described as a philanthropist but also an arch-racist, Rhodes dreamt of a British Africa from Cape Town to Cairo, with the blessing of Queen Victoria.
Rhodes remains dilemma
Cynthia Marangwanda, 37, from Harare, is enraged by the presence of Rhodes grave.
She believes he chose that site because he knew its spiritual significance to the local people.
It was his "final display of power, a deliberate and calculated act of domination," said the activist.
Zimbabwe's ex-strongman Robert Mugabe, who took the reins from independence from Britain in 1980, saw no reason to remove Rhodes's remains.
But Marangwanda has been energised by the current president, Emmerson Mnangagwa, who "understands the significance, the heritage aspect of the debate".
Even so, more than five years after Mnangagwa came to power, there is no indication of movement on the issue or consensus on where the remains would go.
The economic benefits accruing from the tourism do not hold water for Marangwanda.
"Matobo is such a beautiful landscape, and it doesn't need this colonial grave to attract foreign visitors,” she stressed.
“The presence of the grave in Zimbabwe is an insult to our very existence as a people,” said 33-year-old historian and co-founder of ‘Rhodes-Must-Fall’ campaign, Tafadzwa Gwini.
Gwini insisted that exhuming the remains was a form of reclaiming their identity as a people.
Some against the move
Yet some visitors simply don't understand the outrage around the grave.
"I brought up my kids here. I also came here as a kid. History shouldn't be tampered with. He wanted to be buried here and that's how it should be,” said a 45-year-old white Zimbabwean, Nicky Johnson.
Akhil Maugi, 28, who lives from nearby city of Bulawayo, shares similar sentiments.
"You can't erase what happened. No one would come here if this grave was gone," Maugi said.
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Pathisa Nyathi, a 71-year-old local historian, points out that it was the grandeur of the rocks that made it a "holy site" that once attracted pilgrims from neighbouring countries.
“The "pre-eminent shrine" in the region was sacred to Africans but not to Rhodes,” said Nyathi.
Zimbabwe’s opposition MP and ex-education minister David Coltart, who regularly cycles in Matobo park, brings some humour to the debate saying, "I must say Rhodes had an incredible eye for real estate."
The grave significance
Exiting the park, is a roadside market selling T-shirts, woven baskets and carved animals to tourists.
A little further is a village with a few houses.
Micah Sibanda, 82, stands barefoot, leaning on a walking stick, overlooking a few cows.
“Rhodes's grave is important to the villagers because it attracts visitors who in turn buy crafts and we get some money to send our kids to school, get food and clothing," said Sibanda.
“If the grave is removed it will be very painful for us,” she added.
Sibanda also said the white visitors were also coming ‘to pay respects to their own ancestor’.