For the farmers of Macina, the crisis between Russia and Ukraine seems to be the cause of their misfortune.
The vice president came to power in 2020 as a running mate of President Chakwera.
A resident said she heard "automatic and heavy weapons fire, as well as explosions, for two hours inside the army headquarters".
Villages seized by the militants have to pay an Islamic tax and submit to a brutal interpretation of Sharia.
The country currently produces 2.1 million barrels of crude oil per day.