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Business

Traders feel the pinch as political crisis in Burundi cripples economy

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A demonstration against President Pierre Nkurunziza’s bid for a third term in the Cibitoke on April 26, 2015. PHOTO | ESDRAS NDIKUMANA |  AFP.

By DÉSIRÉ NIMUBONA, IRIN

Posted  Thursday, February 25   2016 at  20:07

In Summary

  • Annual GDP growth for 2015 was -7.2 per cent, and it is set to fall further with insecurity, a deteriorating business climate and tense relations with donors weighing on the national Treasury.
  • The 2016 budget shows a fall in government spending of more than 46 per cent, according to economist Léonce Sinzinkayo.
  • Revenue has plunged by $14.3 million, with the budget deficit now at $891 million.

The crisis that erupted in Burundi in April 2015 following President Pierre Nkurunziza’s decision to seek a controversial third term has claimed more than 400 lives and caused more than 230,000 people to flee the country, according to the United Nations.

But it isn’t just citizens who have suffered — the economy is in a bad way too.

Alexandre Nyabenda works as a trader in a shop in Cibitoke, one of the so-called contested areas of the capital Bujumbura, which are really just the hotbeds of opposition to Nkurunziza that have seen most political unrest.

Nyabenda, who has been working there for the past six years, said that trade had really suffered as a result of the instability.

“Before the crisis … I was taking in around 120,000 francs ($76 dollars) of revenue each day,” he said. “Since April 2015, just to get 40,000 francs ($25) a day has been a real struggle.”

The fall is explained by the fact that so many customers fled the country as Burundi descended into violence. Those who have stayed don’t have the same purchasing power so the quantity of goods sold has markedly declined.

“A father who was buying two kilos of rice and two kilos of beans every day to feed his five children and his wife is now buying only half a kilo because his domestic helper, his wife and his children have fled into exile,” explained Nyabenda.

Things are even worse for Sinkazi Kevin, 32, a coal seller in Cibitoke who has gone practically bankrupt due to the tough times.

“Before this crisis I was selling at least six to 10 sacks of coal a day, but now I’m only selling one,” Kevin said, clearly angry. “There are no buyers! People have fled, and restaurant owners who were good potential clients before are hardly doing any business now, or have even closed their restaurants.”

Micheella Kanyana was forced to close her small restaurant in Cibitoke because the unrest and insecurity was too great to carry on.

“A grenade was thrown near my restaurant. I was already scared. Next, our customers, who were the motorcyclists, the taxi bike drivers, they stopped coming. And then our coal suppliers, our food suppliers were too scared to come to our area. This is why I closed my restaurant,” Kanyana said.

Scaling down

“I asked three restaurant workers that I had taken on to return home for fear of seeing them arrested or killed because they were all young,” she added.

Even the prestigious University of Burundi, the only academic institution in the country with resident accommodation is not immune from the economic crisis. It recently suspended providing breakfast for its boarding students.

“The price of beans has gone from 1,200 francs (76 cents) before the crisis to 1,800 francs ($1.15) today. Rice has gone from 1,100 francs to 1,700 francs a kilo,” said Anatole Nzinahora, head of the university management, explaining that they simply didn’t have the means now to feed students three times a day. 

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