DR Congo and Rwanda agree to reduce tensions, US says

Wednesday November 22 2023

DR Congo President Felix Tshisekedi poses for a photo with his Rwanda counterpart Paul Kagame in Rubavu, Rwanda on June 25, 2021. PHOTO | PSU


The US intelligence chief secured promises from the leaders of Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to de-escalate after alarm over a surge in violence, the white house said Tuesday.

Director of National Intelligence Avril Haines travelled to the two countries Sunday and Monday and said the United States would monitor their efforts.

Rwandan President Paul Kagame and DR Congo President Felix Tshisekedi each offered commitments to Haines to "de-escalate tensions in Eastern DRC," a white house statement said.

Read: DRC again sounds alarm over Rwanda 'aggression'

"Acknowledging the long history of conflict in this region, Kagame and Tshisekedi plan to take specific steps to reduce current tensions by addressing the respective security concerns of both countries," it said.

The white house did not immediately go into specifics on their promises but said it drew on previous African-led negotiations in the Kenyan capital Nairobi and a follow-up conference in the Angolan capital Luanda.


The Angolan initiative, exactly a year ago, called for a ceasefire and disarmament of rebel groups in the Eastern DRC including M23 rebels with a potential regional force to enforce compliance.

Despite that agreement, M23 rebels have stepped up attacks in recent months and have seized much of North Kivu Province.

Read: M23 go for Burundian troops in DRC clashes

Kagame frequently has demanded action against Rwandan Hutus in the neighbouring country linked to the 1994 genocide against Tutsis.

Earlier this month, M23 rebels seized the North Kivu village of Kishishe, around the historic stronghold of the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda, created by Rwandan Hutu leaders linked to the genocide.

In November 2022, M23 rebels killed 171 people in Kishishe, according to the UN, mainly boys and men they accused of being militiamen.

The US, which has cordial relations with both countries, has repeatedly sought to mediate, with Secretary of State Antony Blinken recently calling both Kagame and Tshisekedi.

Read: Blinken urges calm from Rwanda, DR Congo leaders

The trip by Haines, who was accompanied by top US officials on Africa, comes as international powers try to encourage calm in the runup to presidential elections in DR Congo on December 20.

The country has endured decades of instability but experienced its first peaceful transfer of power after Tshisekedi's victory following the last presidential election in December 2018.