- The penalty for criminal defamation has been doubled to two to three years imprisonment, from six months to one year under the current law. This is a heavier punishment than that for arson which attracts only two years in jail.
- The media fraternity see the refusal to decriminalise defamation as a sign of hostility against media by the state.
- Observers say that retaining defamation in the penal code further undermines the work of the Rwanda Media Commission (RMC), a body established in 2013 to oversee media self-regulation and promoting responsible journalism.
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