- President Kiir is said to be fearing for his legitimacy once the term of the transitional government expires in February 2018. \
- President Kiir’s rival Dr Riek Machar — the leader of the Sudanese Peoples’ Liberation Movement-In Opposition — is exiled in South Africa, while the government lacks funds to register voters and conduct elections.
- South Sudan was scheduled to hold elections in July 2015 but was aborted after the country plunged into civil war in December 2015.
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