Top ICC prosecutor ends probes into Kenya’s 2007 electoral violence

Tuesday November 28 2023
The International Criminal Court.

The International Criminal Court headquarters at The Hague in Netherlands. PHOTO | AFP


A senior International Criminal Court prosecutor on Monday announced that she was dropping all further investigations into crimes committed in Kenya relating to violence that erupted following elections in 2007.

The decision by the ICC's Deputy Chief prosecutor Nazhat Shameen Khan ends a 13-year legal saga which involved senior Kenyan politicians.

"I have reached this decision after considering the specific facts and circumstances of this situation," she said in a statement.

"Accordingly, the Office will not pursue additional cases into the alleged criminal responsibility of other persons."

Read (from the Archives): Two Kenyan suspects to be tried by ICC before end of year- Ocampo

In 2010, the Hague-based tribunal started probing post-election fighting in the nation in which prosecutors said 1,300 people died and some 600,000 others were left homeless.


Initially, six suspects faced charges of crimes against humanity, including murder and deportation.

The suspects included former and current Kenyan presidents Uhuru Kenyatta and William Ruto respectively.

But former chief prosecutor Fatou Bensouda withdrew the charges against Kenyatta in 2014 and in 2016 the case against Ruto was stopped too, after judges said the prosecution's evidence was too weak.

The case against all six collapsed due to a lack of evidence.

Read (from the Archives): ICC drops case against Kenya's deputy president Ruto

Bensouda blamed a relentless campaign of victim and witness intimidation for making a trial impossible and prosecutors launched a new probe into witness intimidation and bribery.

Current chief prosecutor Karim Khan was Ruto's defence lawyer at the time and recused himself from the Kenya investigations after taking over the job from Bensouda in 2021.

Kenyan lawyer Paul Gicheru handed himself over to the ICC in late 2020, but the witness bribery case against him was dropped last year after news that he had died.

Read: Kenya on the spot as ICC suspect dies mysteriously

Two other suspects in the intimidation and bribery case, Philip Bett and Walter Barasa are still at large and face charges before the court.

But the ICC's deputy chief prosecutor Nazhat Shameen Khan on Monday said she was ending further investigations into the post-election violence Kenya.