Eight in ten Congolese have an unfavourable opinion of President Joseph Kabila - but nearly seven in ten don’t think the December vote to replace him will be fair, according to a national poll published on Friday.
The survey, conducted last month by the Congo Research Group at New York University and Congolese polling firm BERCI, gives a rare glimpse into the national mood as Congolese wait to see if Kabila finally steps down after 17 years in power.
Elections in Democratic Republic of Congo are scheduled for December 23, two years after Kabila’s mandate officially expired. But Kabila, who succeeded his assassinated father in 2001, has refused to publicly commit to stepping down.
Uncertainty about his intentions and the prospect of the vote being delayed again have bred mistrust among Congo’s 80 million people. Security forces have killed dozens of people during street protests against the president’s extended rule.
The political crisis has also contributed to rising militia violence in eastern Congo’s borderlands with Rwanda and Uganda, where millions died from hunger, disease and conflict in wars around the turn of the century.
The Congo Research Group is directed by Jason Stearns, a former UN investigator in the country. Over 1,000 Congolese citizens in all 26 provinces were questioned.
When asked if they had a “good opinion, bad opinion or no opinion at all” of their president, 80 per cent said they had a bad opinion and 20 per cent said they had a good opinion. In an indication of Kabila’s polarising effect, zero per cent had no opinion.
Hope for change
Congolese are eager for change, according to the poll. Ninety-five per cent of those surveyed said they planned to vote in December and 64 per cent said they were optimistic about the country’s future in the next five years.
Exiled opposition leader Moise Katumbi would lead the presidential vote with 24 per cent, trailed by another opposition leader, Felix Tshisekedi, with 13 per cent.
Katumbi’s support has fallen from 38 per cent in a previous poll by CRG and BERCI a year ago. The pollsters said that could be due to his two-year absence from the country after being accused of hiring foreign mercenaries.
Still, most in the vast nation that spans much of Central Africa are sceptical about the electoral process. Sixty-nine per cent said they do not trust the electoral commission to conduct “free, fair and transparent elections”, up from 54 per cent last year.
The commission plans to use 100,000 electronic voting machines in December, a move that opposition leaders and international donors said could increase the risk of fraud.