M23 rebels withdraw through the hills having left their position in the village of Karuba, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo on November 30, 2012. M23 accused Kinshasa and the international community of ganging up against them. Photo/AFP
Diplomats across the region were by the end of the week waiting on a signal from Kinshasa after the delegation from the Democratic Republic of Congo led by Foreign Affairs Minister Raymond Tshibanda walked away from a scheduled event to sign a peace deal in Kampala with the M23 rebels.
The defeat of the M23 has changed the military configuration in eastern DRC and given Kinshasa the upper hand but the search for a more sustainable political solution remains incomplete.
President Kabila and the international community are already pushing for the handover of the M23 military leader, Gen Sultan Makenga, to Kinshasa for trial; Ugandan officials say they will only hand over the rebel fighters after a deal has been signed and their fate established as part of the agreement.