Why Kampala, Kigali, Luanda pulled the plug on DR Congo protagonists
Saturday December 1 2012
M23 rebels withdraw through the hills having left their position in the village of Karuba, eastern DRC on November 30, 2012. Photo/AFP
Luanda’s acceptance that the conflict is less a consequence of foreign aggression than a domestic problem that needs to be settled internally, resulted from sustained diplomatic engagement orchestrated out of Kampala.
Angola is a pivotal power broker in the Southern African Development Community, of which Kinshasa is a member, in much the same way Uganda calls the shots in the East African Community.
According to timelines agreed to between M23 and the chiefs of defence forces from the DR Congo, Rwanda and Uganda, the rebels were expected to have completely withdrawn from Goma by Friday, November 30, to allow the restoration of state authority.